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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
Smilacina [genus name] is derived from the genus name Smilax meaning 'like plants in that (sarsaparilla) genus'. [See ... .]

Smilax [genus name] is a classical Greek name of obscure meaning. For some authorities the ancient Greeks used the word smilax in connection with poisonous plants, and for others it is derived from smile (cutting, scratching) with reference to the plant's prickles.

Sometimes mis-named flowers sold by florists belong to the related Asparagus genus. [See Smilax.]

Sarcocephalus is derived from Greek sarco- (flesh) and cephalo- (head) components with reference to the fleshy fruiting heads. [See Sarcocephalus.]

Smyrnium [genus name] is a corruption of a Greek name smyrnion itself derived from smyrna (myrrh) with reference to the smell. [See Smyrnium.]

soda may be a reference to the use of plant ash as a source of soda for soap and glass-making. [See Salsola soda.]

Solandra [genus name] commemorates a Swedish botanist, Daniel Solander (1736-1782) who was one of those employed by the English botanist, Sir Joseph Banks (1744-1820) to accompany him on Captain Cook's 1768-1771 World Expedition. Solander arrived in England in 1760 and promoted the Swedish physician and naturalist, Carolus Linnaeus' (1707-1778) classification system. In 1771 after the world circumnavigation Solander became Banks' secretary and librarian and accompanied him again on his 1772 Iceland Expedition. From 1773 until 1783 Solander was Keeper of the British Musuem's Natural History Department and in 1779 he also became Curator of the collection of natural history specimens accumulated by the wealthy patron of arts and sciences, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (1715-1785), Duchess of Portland. Then he died from a stroke. He was a Fellow of The Royal Society and he wrote The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes, collected by the late John Ellis published posthumously. [See Solandra.]

Solanum [genus name] is derived from Latin solamen (consolation, comfort) with reference to its possible medicinal attributes, and is a classical Latin name for a plant possibly black nightshade (Solanum nigrum).

Authorities often note that species in this genus are potentially poisonous to varying degrees. [See Solanum.]

soldanella is the genus name Soldanella meaning 'like plants in that genus' with reference to the similarity of the rounded leaves. [See Convolvulus soldanella.]

Solenostemon [genus name] is derived from Greek soleno- (tube, pipe) and -stemon (stamen) components with reference to the shape of the fused stamens. [See ....]

Solidago [genus name] is derived from Latin solido (to make whole, firm, dense or solid) with reference to medicinal qualities. [See Solidago.]


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