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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
Chrysanthemum [genus name] is derived from Greek chyrsos (golden) and antho- (flower) components.

Warning – the plants can cause dermatitis.

Chrysanthemum species were introduced to England from the Orient in the late 1700s, shortly after their first appearance in the Netherlands. Their reception was such that in the following century the National Chrysanthemum Society had been formed and was holding exhibitions of Chinese and Japanese cultivated varieties in the 1860s. Since that time many species once considered to be part of the genus Chrysanthemum have been placed in other genera. Not least of these are the flowers referred to by florists and familiar to non-gardeners as Chrysanthemums or Mums. These are now part of the genus Dendranthema still in the Asteraceae (Compositae) family. Thus today the Society’s attentions are focused on Dendranthema not Chrysanthemum.

In China they were cultivated from at least 500 BC for their medicinal properties and were believed to be full of magical juices.

One story tells of people of Nanyang (central China) who lived to be 100 years old because their drinking water came from a stream with many chrysanthemums growing on its banks. The essence of the plants was thought to have seeped into the water and was continually revitalizing those who drank it.

The flowers were popular with the Chinese nobility, and today they are an emblem of rest and ease.

Chrysanthemum is believed to have reached Japan by the 4th Century AD. In a stylized form it became the Country’s national flower and symbol (as well as the mon of her imperial family) and is actually taken from a species of the Paulownia family.

Certain species in the genus are cultivated in China for their edible petals.

This genus Chrysanthemum attracts importation restrictions across some international boundaries.

In flower language this genus is said to be a symbol of dejection (yellow), ‘ I love you’ (red), slighted love (yellow), and truth (white).

Chrysanthemums are the birthday flower for 24th December and are also associated with the month of November. [See Chrysanthemum.]

chrysanthum is derived from Greek chryso- (gold) and antho- (flower) components meaning 'with golden flowers'. [See Rhododendron chrysanthum.]

Chrysolepis [genus name] is derived from Greek chryso- (gold) and lepido- (fish-scale) components with reference to the golden scale-like leaves. [See Chrysolepis.]

chrysophylla is derived from Greek chryso- (gold) and phyllo- (leaf) components. [See Chrysolepis chrysophylla.]

Chrysophyllum [genus name] is derived from Greek chryso- (gold) and phyllo (leaf) components with reference to the leaves' hairy golden-brown undersides. [See Chrysophyllum.]

Cicer [genus name] is a classical Latin name for chick pea (Cicer arietinum).

Members of this family (Leguminosae) absorb nitrogen from the air. Through the bacterial nodules on their deep growing roots, they will introduce nitrogen to the soil (and aerate it), to the benefit of neighbouring plants and any following them in the same soil. [See Cicer.]

Cichorium [genus name] is a corruption of an Arabian name for one of the plants in this genus and it is also a classical Latin name for chicory (Cichorium intybus) and endive (Cichorium endivia). [See Cichorium.]

Cicuta [genus name] is a classical Latin name for hemlock (Conium maculatum). [See Cicuta.]

ciliata is derived from Latin cilum (eyelash, eyelid) meaning 'edged with hairs or fringed with fine hairs'. [See Populus ciliata, Roella ciliata, Toona ciliata.]

ciliosa is derived from Latin cilum (eyelash, eyelid) meaning 'edged with hairs or fringed with fine hairs'. [See Lonicera ciliosa.]


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