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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
textilis is Latin (web, woven, textile) meaning 'used in weaving or interwoven'. [See Musa textilis.]

thalictroides is made up of the genus name Thalictrum and Greek -oides (like) components meaning 'like plants in that genus'. [See Caulophyllum thalictroides.]

thebaica means 'of or from Thebes (the capital of ancient Egypt from about 1660-1500 BC, the ruins of which can be found in central Egypt on the banks of the Nile)'. [See Hyphaene thebaica.]

Theobroma [genus name] is derived from Greek theo- (god) and -broma (food) components meaning 'food of the gods' with reference to the fruit. [See Theobroma.]

theophrasti commemorates a Greek philosopher and naturalist, Theophrastus (c.372-c.287) who is viewed widely as the founder of botany. He studied under Plato (c.428 BC-c.348 BC) then Aristotle (384-322 BC) and, eventually, succeeded the latter in 322 BC as head of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic School in Athens. He also inherited Aristotle's library, manuscripts and garden (as well as guardianship of his children). His own works were numerous and broad-ranging (from philosophy and natural sciences to more literary subjects) and they included Historia De Plantis and another on vegetable growth De Causis Plantarum, as well as Characters (30 sketches of moral types). [See Abutilon theophrasti.]

Thlaspi [genus name] is derived for some authorities from Greek thlaspis (cress), and for others from Greek thlao (flatten) and aspis (shield) components. [See Thlaspi.]

Thuja [genus name] is a corruption of thuya, the name with which the tree was invested by the French botanist Joseph de Tournefort (1656-1708).

It would seem that de Tournefort may have confused it with the tree known to the ancient Greeks as thuia which was probably a juniper (Juniperus) and had scented wood and resin that were burnt during sacrificial rituals. [See Thuja.]

thurberi commemorates an American botanist who specialised in grasses, Dr. George Thurber (1821-1890). He was quartermaster and commissary to the 1850-1854 United States-Mexican International Boundary Survey and as a botanist on it discovered many new plants. From 1859-1863 he was Professor of botany and horticulture at Michigan Agricultural College (part of the foundation of today's Michigan State University), then Editor of the American Agriculturist from 1863-1885. He was also the second President of the illustrious Torrey Botanical Club (now The Torrey Botanical Society) from 1873-1880. [See Stenocereus thurberi.]

thyoides is made up of the genus name Thuja and Greek -oides (like) components meaning 'like plants in that genus'. [See Chamaecyparis thyoides.]

thyrsiflorus is derived from Greek thyrso- (wand) and Latin flora (flower) components with reference to the thyrse or rod carried by Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, meaning 'dense flower-spike that is broad in the middle'. [See Ceanothus thyrsiflorus, Rumex thyrsiflorus.]


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