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1st formal Edition of the CD of Plant Biographies (or Plant's Eye View of the Planet and Man). About 1000 extra pages which include a dramatic expansion of R genera plus other additions and changes.


Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.



There are 53 records that match.


Fortunella [genus name] commemorates a Scottish plant collector and botanist, Robert Fortune (1813-1880) who collected plants for the Horticultural Society of London primarily in China. After two years at Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. Fortune became the Superintendent of the Hothouse Department at the Chiswick garden of The Horticultural Society of London in 1842 and within months was appointed as the Society's plant collector in China. His first trip (1843-1846) was a cultural learning curve, including xenophobic mobs still raw from the First Opium War (1839-1842), Yangtze pirates and typhoons and storms in the Yellow Sea, as he collected plants on the mainland and neighbouring islands. It encouraged him to learn some Chinese, assume local costume and wear a ponytail with a shaved head. To the Chinese he was known as Sing Wah. Blending into his surroundings he was able to make journeys beyond permits' limits and even to visit a Chinese 'forbidden city' without hindrance, Suzhou (Souchow, Wuhsien) to the north-east of Shanghai. With the help of the Terrarium invented by Nathaniel Ward (1791-1868) in 1827, he sent many new seeds and plants back from northern China successfully to his sponsors. In 1848 he was commissioned by the British East India Company to obtain tea plants. He collected about 20,000 tea seeds and plants, all destined for north-eastern India, as well as many other plants which he took back to England. Until this point the Chinese had had a natural monopoly with this commodity and he was in effect smuggling. Those tea plants would enable the establishment of the Indian (and Ceylonese) tea industry thus breaking the Chinese 'ownership' of the tea trade (see Camellia sinensis). Yet further trips followed, to China then India from 1853-1856, to China in 1858-1859 when he sought tea plants that would flourish in the southern states for the US Patent Office, and finally to Japan, Indonesia, Hong Kong, China, Taiwan and the Philippines from 1860-1862. All expeditions were successful and overall he introduced about 200 new plant species to England which were then introduced into gardens. In 1862 he retired to farm in Scotland. He wrote several books including Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China, A Journey to the Tea Countries of China, A Residence Among the Chinese, and Yedo and Peking. [See ... .]

Fouquieria [genus name] commemorates a French physician, Pierre Eloy Fouquier (1776-1850) who was a professor of medicine and member of the French Academy of Sciences. Fouquier was also doctor to the last two French kings, Charles X (1757-1836) and Louis-Phillippe (1773-1850), the reign of the latter ending in 1848. [See Fouquieria.]

Frankenia [genus name] comemmorates a Swedish physician and botanist, Johann or Johan Franck, Franke or Frankenius (1590-1661), who was a professor of anatomy and botany at Uppsala, Sweden. He was a colleague of Swedish physician and naturalist, Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), and the first to write about Swedish plants. His works included Speculum botanicum. [See Frankenia.]

fraxinifolia is made up of the genus name Fraxinus and Latin -folia (leaved) meaning 'with leaves like those in that (ash) genus'. [See Pterocarya fraxinifolia.]

Freesia [genus name] commemorates a German physician and botanist, Dr. Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese (1795-1876) who is said to have studied South African plants. [See Freesia.]

Fritillaria [genus name] is derived from Latin fritillus (dice box) with reference to the markings on the petals of many of the species that are considered reminiscent of a chess or chequerboard with which a dice box is often associated. [See Fritillaria.]

frondosa is Latin (leafy). [See Bidens frondosa, Gaylussacia frondosa.]

frumentacea is derived from Latin frumenti (corn, grain) meaning 'grain-bearing'. [See Echinochloa frumentacea.]

fuciflora is derived from Latin fuci (drone, bee) and -flora (flowered) components. [See Ophrys fuciflora.]

fulva is Latin (tawny, yellowish-brown). [See Hemerocallis fulva.]

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