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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
Agrimonia [genus name] is derived for some authorities from Greek arghemon (name for an eye disease) or Latin argema (cataract), for others from Latin agri moenia (defender of the fields) with reference to its numbers in the fields, and for yet others it is a corruption of argemonia from the Greek name Argemone. [See Agrimonia.]

Agrostemma [genus name] is made up of Greek agros (field) and stemma (crown or garland) components, with reference to the beauty of the flowers. [See Agrostemma.]

ailanthifolia is made up of the genus name Ailanthus and Latin -folia (leaved) meaning 'with leaves like those of the tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima)'. [See Juglans ailanthifolia.]

Ailanthus [genus name] is derived from a local Chinese name for one of the species in this genus meaning 'sky tree' with reference to the tree's height and is the name, probably Indonesian, of tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima). [See Ailanthus.]

ajacis honours the Greek hero Ajax, son of the king of Salamis. Legend tells how he committed suicide when he lost Achilles' armour in competition with Odysseus and it is said that flowers marked with the Greek letters AI (Alas) grew up on his grave. [See Consolida ajacis.]

Ajuga [genus name] is of obscure derivation for many authorities. But for some it is made up of Greek a (without) and zygo (yoke) components, with reference to sepals (part of the floral envelope), and for yet others it is a corruption of Latin abiga (name for a medicinal plant). [See Ajuga.]

Akebia [genus name] is a corruption of a Japanese name akebi for plants in this genus. [See Akebia.]

albertiana commemorates a German patron of the arts, science and industry in Britain, Prince Albert (1819-1861), who was Prince Consort (from 1857) to his first cousin, Queen Victoria (1819-1901) after their marriage in 1840. From 1847-1861 he was chancellor of Cambridge University during a significant period in its modernisation and later he also became master of Trinity House (responsible for the care and provision of lighthouses and navigational aids around the Country, as well as charitable aid and support for mariners). In addition he handled the family's affairs and estates. With the support of his deputy, the English writer, designer and civil servant, Sir Henry Cole, 1808-1882, Prince Albert was instrumental in the fund-raising, planning and organization of the Great Exhibition of 1851. This was housed in the Crystal Palace, designed by the English gardener and architect, Sir Joseph Paxton (1801-1865) and erected in Hyde Park (to be moved afterwards to Sydenham where it burnt down in 1936). The Exhibition contained over 100,000 exhibits shown by 13,937 exhibitors displaying international scientific and industrial advances (the building itself fulfilling both aspects) and their impact on society. The profits from it paid for the London sites of the South Kensington museums and colleges, as well as that of the Royal Albert Hall. Prince Albert, although impartial in politics, kept abreast of public affairs and is said to have been influential in dissuading British involvement in 1859 in the brewing American Civil War (1861-1865). During his lifetime the royal couple bought Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and Balmoral Castle in Scotland. Although typhoid was stated at the time as the cause of his death scholars have subsequently mused on the possibility that it may have been a form of stomach cancer. His remains are in Frogmore, the mausoleum specially built by Queen Victoria, at Windsor, for the royal family. Among the public monuments erected in his memory are the Albert Memorial and the Royal Albert Hall. [See Picea glauca var. albertiana.]

albida means 'whitish' with reference to ... . [See Pseudorchis albida.]

albidum means 'whitish' with reference to ... . [See Sassafras albidum.]


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