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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
Radermachera [genus name]commemorates a Dutch lawyer and naturalist, Jacob Cornelis Matthieu Radermacher (1741-1783) who lived in Indonesia for sixteen years. Both an uncle and nephew were Board members of the Dutch East India Company for which he began working in 1757 too. Five years later he established the first Masonic Lodge in Asia and in 1776 the Company promoted him to Extra-Ordinair Council of India. He inaugurated the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences (now the National Museum of Indonesia) in 1778, while also finding the time to catalogue flora and fauna of Java and Sumatra. In 1781 he became Commissioner Concerning the Fleet and the Army, and Common Council of India but two years later decided to return home for health reasons. However, on Christmas Eve 1783 in the Indian Ocean, as he sailed back to Holland, he was murdered during a mutiny on board ship. [See Radermachera.]

rhomboideus is derived from Greek rhombo- (rhombic, diamond-shaped). [See Ranunculus rhomboideus.]

Raphia [genus name] is derived from Greek raphis (needle, sting) with reference to the beaked fruit.

Species in this genus are suckering, multi-stemmed palms. After a single appearance of the flowers and subsequent fruit on a stem, that particular stem withers and dies.

According to authorities palm fronds in this genus can be the longest in the world. [See Raphia.]



Reichardia [genus name] is said to commemorate a German physician and botanist, Johann Jakob Reichard (1743-1782) who was a practising physician for most of his life. He collected plants and made a herbarium. Also from 1773-1782 he was supervisor of the botanic garden and library of the Senckenberg Foundation established by Johann Christian Senckenberg (1707-1772) who, like Reichard, was born in Frankfurt am Main. Reichard published several works including Flora moeno-francofurtana (1772-1778) and Enumeratio stirpium horti botanici senckenbergiani (1782). [See Reichardia.]

Reineckea [genus name] commemorates a German horticulturist and gardener, Johann Heinrich Julius Reinecke (1799-1871), who lived in Berlin. [See Reineckea.]

Rhaphiolepis [genus name] is derived from Greek rhapis (needle) and lepis (a scale) components with reference to the very narrow awl-shaped bracts. [See Rhaphiolepis.]

Rhaphithamnus [genus name] is derived from Greek rhapis (needle) and thamnos (shrub) components with reference to its spiny qualities. [See Rhaphithamnus.]

Rhapidophyllum [genus name] is derived from Greek rhapis (needle) and phyllo- (leaf) components with reference to the needle-like structures hanging from the leaf sheaths. [See Rhapidophyllum.]

Rhapis [genus name] is Greek rhapis (rod, needle) with reference to the needle-like leaf segments. [See Rhapis.]

Rhazya [genus name] honours an Arabian physician known in Europe as Rhazes, Abu Bakr Mohamad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (c. 865-925). Highly respected by his peers both in the Islamic empire and in Europe, he had also studied philosophy, alchemy and music, and is understood to have been a disciple of Hippocrates, Socrates and Plato. Many of his works were translated into several languages and some became standard texts for students from both the Islamic and European disciplines. He was physician to the royal court, and head not only of a hospital in Baghdad but also one in the City of Rayy (the city where he was born and eventually died). [See Rhazya.]


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