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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
sexangulare is derived from Latin sex (six) and anguli- (angle, corner) components meaning 'with six angles'. [See Sedum sexangulare.]

shallon is derived from a western North American Indian Chinook name kikwu-salu. [See Gaultheria shallon.]

Shepherdia [genus name] commemorates an English botanist, John Shepherd (1764-1836), who from 1802-1836 was the first curator of Liverpool Botanic Garden. He published A catalogue of plants in the Botanic Garden, at Liverpool (1808). [See Shepherdia.]

Sherardia [genus name] commemorates an English botanist, William Sherard (1659-1728). From 1703-1716 he was British Consul at Smyrna (today's Izmir in Turkey although then under the rule of the Ottoman Empire). He returned home a wealthy man which enabled him not only to endow Oxford University's Chair of Botany but also extend his patronage individually to quite a few of his peers. Upon his death he bequeathed his library and herbarium to Oxford. He was responsible for much background work eg. edting, plant cataloguing, for several botanical works published by other botanists. Sherard was a Fellow of The Royal Society. [See Sherardia.]

Silene [genus name] is derived from Greek sialon (saliva) with reference to the gummy substance that exudes on the stems and repels insects, and was originally a Greek name for another plant. [See Silene.]

sibirica means 'of or from Siberia'. [See Claytonia sibirica.]

siceraria is derived from Latin sicera (intoxicating drink). [See Lagenaria siceraria.]

siculum means 'of or from Sicily'. [See Allium siculum.]

Sicyos [genus name] is a Greek name sikyos (cucumber, Cucumis genus) to which this genus is closely related. [See Sicyos.]

sieboldii commemorates a German physician and naturalist, Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796-1866), who was one of the first Europeans to teach Western medicine in Japan, especially ophthalmic practices. After joining the Dutch army as a medical officer in 1822 he was sent to Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia). He then became resident physician and scientist in 1823 at the Dutch island trading post (originally run by the Dutch East India Company) at Nagasaki, a posting which would end in his expulsion by the Japanese in 1829 for treasonable acts after discovering accidentally that he had acquired maps of Japan and had also mapped parts of northern Japan. In the intervening years he and his Japanese partner had a daughter (the first Japanese woman known to have trained as a physician), and he established a medical school, treated Japanese patients in the area, studied Japanese flora and fauna, developed a botanical garden in which he nurtured over 1000 native plants for Dutch cultivation, accummulated a large ethnographic collection of Japanese everyday artefacts and illustrations of flora, fauna and Japanese activities, obtained specimens of rare animals, sent three shipments of herbarium specimens to Europe, and smuggled viable tea plant seeds to the Javan Buitenzorg Botanical Garden (now Bogor, Indonesia). He left Japan for Batavia with the bulk of his remaining collections (still thousands of plants, animals, artefacts and papers) and reached Europe in 1830, eventually settling in Leiden. His living plant collection ended up at the University of Ghent but the other massive collections were bought by the Dutch Government who put them on public display. William II (1792-1849) appointed him Adviser to the King on Japanese Affairs (a role which he would assume for several other governments in the following years) and, as an adviser too, he returned to Japan in 1859 only to be recalled by the Dutch Government in 1863 (cultural exchanges between Japan and Holland were not considered appropriate then). He was a member of the Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences which ceased in 1962. His published works included Flora Japonica written in collaboration with a German botanist, Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini (1797-1848). [See Stachys sieboldii var. sieboldii.]


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